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Violations of human rights - is the category of wrongful acts that may be committed only by an authority authorized to act on behalf of the state. In a criminal such authorities do not. When a criminal injure or kill people, he commits a serious crime, but it does not violate the rights of man. It certainly does not diminish the damage suffered. Nevertheless, human rights violations inflicted much more damage the interests of the state, are far more socially dangerous acts. The subjects of grave human rights violations such as torture and ill-treatment, violations of privacy of home and privacy, unlawful imprisonment, violation of freedom of movement, the right to a fair trial and effective remedy often are police officers, prosecutors, intelligence, federal and magistrates, correctional officers, medical and educational institutions and military commanders. According to the Criminal Code of Russia, such cases under investigation only the prosecutor's office. That prosecutor conducts the preliminary investigation of criminal cases related to such an object (the constitutional rights and freedoms), or with such a subject (law enforcement officers, military personnel, corrections officers). Criminal procedural law when it did not distinguish between the rules and requirements to investigate the killings and beatings of detained by the police. And those and other cases from one investigator, especially in large cities, it happens a lot. Human rights organizations, however, are interested in the most complete and speedy investigation of the violation of human rights with the inevitable imposition of liability on the perpetrator. Similar investigations were still called "strategic litigation" aimed at establishing a legal precedent for the protection of the violated right to use it then in all similar cases (for example, the case Kalashnikov v. Russia, during which the failure of law enforcement agencies for a long time in the criminal case was considered a violation of the right to a fair trial). Data collected by human rights defenders can be used as evidence in a criminal case. Often, defenders easier to get such information than the police. In addition, information is verified by human rights defenders objectively and comprehensively. The bodies of inquiry and investigation in verifying such information and the collection of evidence often adhere to a subjective bias, which strongly affects the objectivity of the investigation. In addition, staff prosecutors often have to deal only with documents submitted by police, who are often biased reflect reality. The obvious advantage in the work of independent human rights organizations is the lack of time to conduct public inquiries, that allows to collect all the information and implement a permanent protection of the rights of the victim, seeking to bring the perpetrators to justice as with local law enforcement agencies, as well as with international human rights organizations . For the protection of human rights human rights organizations are actively used by the mainstream media and media subjects of the federation. Conducted a joint public and investigative journalism. In addition to collecting information on specific cases, advocates are working to identify such cases with the help of questionnaires, the reception of citizens, monitoring the media. Work on "hot lines". Thus, human rights organizations, the flowing mass media. One example of this is the work of regional public organization "The Committee against Torture" (Nizhny Novgorod), which inspects public and investigate complaints of torture. Checks for any complaint or other information about such cases. If, after verification of such complaints staff of the Committee considered a clear violation of Article 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights, which prohibits torture, all the collected material with its conclusion they refer to the relevant authorities. Then seek a criminal case, the preliminary investigation and trial. The work of social organization does not stop at this point. There is a constant accompaniment of "their" material, the collection of additional evidence, gathering information necessary to law enforcement agencies to conduct a full and objective investigation. The magnitude of the violations they say, for example, the data of the Committee for Civil Rights (Moscow), in a study which of the 250 respondents convicted in the Moscow region 92 people reported using them ill-treatment and 57 people have argued, that they were tortured to force them to give evidence relevant to the investigation. Selective anonymous survey conducted by human rights organizations in the Samara region, showed that the 29 detained members of the militia had been beaten 23 people. Of the 1,472 minors residing in the territory of Moscow region and proanketirovannyh Committee for Civil Rights, 212 people claim to have been the objects of unjustified use of violence by the police. In all regions where there are public human rights organizations concerned with human rights violations by law enforcement officials recorded numerous cases of such violations. Regions: Moscow, Moscow Oblast, Krasnoyarsk Krai, the Republic of Tatarstan, Nizhny Novgorod region. For other information about the subjects of violations by law enforcement officers are not available. It can be concluded that the lack of independent human rights organizations from the state does not allow to identify human rights violations in the regions To date, few human rights organizations still dealing with the problems of illegal methods in carrying out search operations, investigation and trial. Activities for public investigations of violations of human rights has a number of principles to make it a separate line: 1. Legal professionalization of those conducting the public inquiry. 2. Strict separation of functions between members of the team conducting the public inquiry. 3. Joint activities with members of the Bar Association. 4. The close working relationship with government. 5. Clearly identified procedures. 6. Strict record keeping. Successful Group, which is public inquiries, consists of four members: a) operational, or out-reach, employee. In his / her duties included searching for information about human rights violations, in touch with the citizens, especially high-risk groups (drug users, commercial sex workers, homeless, migrants, ethnic groups, etc.), fixation violation of human rights and verification of its authenticity, a finding of breach of human rights. The operative should have experience in dealing with people of procedural documents, the definition of legally relevant circumstances, their literacy fixation. From the operational activities of the employee depends on the result of the whole group. b) a lawyer. Only members of the Bar Association with a prepaid warrant may participate as counsel in criminal proceedings, may be admitted to the accused in the detention center, detention center, columns, etc. His / her expertise is much more effective when considering the statement of claim or complaint in court, with the participation as a representative of the victim. Counsel has not only expertise, his / her knowledge the prosecutor's office, court, police. The human rights center employs several lawyers constituting an informal board. They specialize in the protection of victims of illegal actions of law enforcement officers. c) press secretary. As the public inquiry are different from ordinary criminal or civil case that the critical is the maximum coverage of its progress in the media, the press-service functions are extremely important. The main purpose of the press-service is to create and maintain a positive image of the organization within the framework of established concepts and PR-PR-planned development strategy. The main task - information support for all projects. The methods of the press-service is the development and implementation of PR-events (press conferences, briefings, various actions), the creation and distribution of press releases, media placement in their own publications, media monitoring, preparation of draft articles, photos and video. Head of Press Service of the city of Kazan Human Rights Center - Dmitry Kolbasin. d) Administrator. This function is usually the leader of the organization / project / group. He / she coordinates the activities of team members, creates the conditions necessary for their work, supervises the progress of public inquiries into contact with the authorities, find financing, and generally creates optimal conditions for effective action. At this point, the administrator performs the chairman of the Human Rights Centre of Kazan - Natalia Kablova. Such groups now in Russia a few. These include Nizhniy Novgorod Committee against Torture, Krasnoyarsk Public Committee for the Protection of Human Rights and Human Rights Centre of Kazan. How we do it? The report of violation received by the Human Rights Centre of Kazan, is registered and it must be checked. The goals - to eliminate false and misleading communications, in order not to damage any employee for alleged illegal acts which the petitioner or the complainant himself, because there are criminal penalties for knowingly false report of a crime. During this pre-screening officer Human Rights Center will contact the complainant, his relatives and people in which he pointed in the message, for more detailed and accurate information. If the test shows that the violation was really, it will be to collect as many and better evidence of misconduct by law enforcement authorities. This painstaking work is done in accordance with the requirements of the Criminal Procedure Act with the direct involvement of lawyers. Have a great value in any documents, certificates, certificates, photographs, audio recordings, the reference to witnesses not only of the breach, but also, say that the victim immediately before his arrest was in good health, of feeling unwell and did not complain about the body had bruises, abrasions scratches and was not. To fix all possible evidence available the necessary equipment - portable copier, video camera, voice recorder, scanner, camera. Employees of the Human Rights Centre can initiate receipt of additional evidence (or sources of evidence within the meaning of the Code), misconduct (eg, opinions of experts in the field of forensic medicine, forensic psychology, etc.). In parallel with this process, a lawyer representing the interests of the victim, will seek a criminal case, a performance test (the same prosecutor, running their own safety), to appeal against unlawful actions and decisions of the court, to apply for the examination of witnesses and the admission of evidence in a criminal case. The challenge - to bring the perpetrators to justice and compensate for their illegal actions harm. When it is clearly impossible to achieve these results in Russia, Center staff will prepare appeal to international institutions and, above all, the European Court of Human Rights. The purpose is all this activity goes beyond the specific aid to the victim. It is broader and aims to create a law enforcement feel the need to let the right not to comply with human rights, but at least do their job cleaner and more professional. After beating the detainees - it is not a professional, as well as taking bribes, manipulate witnesses, tamper with evidence ...The achievement of this ultimate goal is devoted to the work of the press service of the Human Rights Centre of Kazan. In her arsenal - communication with local, regional, federal and international media. This is television, radio and print media, and Internet media. Thus, only for 2007 on our human rights work published more than 900 different publications, interviews, reports and programs. We do not create a cause of public response, we inform the public, and she decides whether or not on this occasion to express his indignation. We only know how, who and what to say.

Violations of human rights - a category of misconduct that can be committed only by an authority authorized to act on behalf of the state. In a criminal such authorities do not. When a criminal injure or kill people, he commits a serious crime, but it does not violate the rights of man. It certainly does not diminish the damage suffered. Nevertheless, human rights violations inflicted much more damage the state's interests are far more socially dangerous acts.
subjects of grave human rights violations such as torture and ill-treatment, violations of privacy of the home and private life , unlawful imprisonment, violation of freedom of movement, the right to a fair trial and effective remedy is most often police, prosecutors, intelligence, federal, and international judges, correctional officers, medical and educational institutions and military commanders . Under the CPC Russia, similar cases under investigation solely prosecutor's office. That prosecutor conducts the preliminary investigation of criminal cases involving such an object (the constitutional rights and freedoms), or with such entity (law enforcement officers, military personnel, corrections officers).
criminal procedure in this case did not distinguish between the rules and requirements to investigate the killings and beatings of detained by the police. And those and other cases from one investigator, especially in large cities, it happens a lot. Human rights organizations, however, are interested in the most complete and speedy investigation of the violation of human rights with the inevitable imposition of liability on the perpetrator.
Such investigations were still called « strategic litigation », which are aimed at establish a legal precedent for the protection of the violated right to use it then in all similar cases (for example, the case Kalashnikov v. Russia , in which the failure of law enforcement agencies for a long time in the criminal case was considered a violation of right to fair trial proceedings).
data collected by human rights defenders can be used as evidence in a criminal case. Often, defenders easier to get such information than the police. In addition, information is verified by human rights defenders objectively and comprehensively. bodies of inquiry and investigation when checking such information and the collection of evidence often adhere subjective bias , which strongly affects the objectivity of the investigation. In addition, employees of the prosecutor's office often have to deal only with documents filed by police, who are often biased reflect reality.
obvious advantages in the work of independent human rights organizations is the lack of time to conduct public inquiries, that allows to collect the most comprehensive information and implement a permanent protection of the rights of the victim, seeking to bring the perpetrators to justice as with local law enforcement agencies and with international human rights organizations.
For the protection of human rights human rights organizations are actively used the mainstream media and media subjects of the federation.

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Our results

Cases in work 38
Convicted of officers 39
Cancelled illegal orders 81
Compensated 3 818 324 rub.
Dismissed from police 37